عَلَى اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْنَا رَبَّنَا لَا تَجْعَلْنَا فِتْنَةً لِّلْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ وَنَجِّنَا بِرَحْمَتِكَ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ
“Upon Allāh we have relied! Our Lord, do not make us a trial for the wrongdoing people. And save us by Your mercy from the disbelieving people.”
Al-Qur’ān, 10: 85-86
What does this actually mean? How can we be a trial for wrongdoing people?
Imām al-Shawkani gives two ways of understanding this:
The first understanding: O Allāh, do not allow the wrongdoing people to persecute us in our Dīn thus exposing our faith to fitnah (trials).
With this understanding, it becomes clear just how key this Du’ā is particularly for Muslims as minorities where the upper hand may be against them.
The second understanding: One is essentially asking Allāh for protection from being overcome whilst, at the same time, asking for the protection of non-Muslims from seeing Islām in a negative light. Both understandings are captured by the wording of the Du’ā. In summary, it is saying:
“O Allāh, protect us from behaving in ways that will put people off Islām.”
The followers of Mūsā (ʿalayhi al-Salām) are afraid, many challenges lie ahead of them, a confrontation with the Pharaoh seems imminent, and they and their families are under genuine threat, yet in spite of these factors combined, they make Du’ā for others before making Du’ā for themselves, not wanting others to go astray because of them;
“…Our Lord, do not make us a trial for the wrongdoing people…”
Only after they made this Du’ā did they then say:
“And save us by Your mercy from the disbelieving people”
This truly does speak volumes about the mind-set of a believer.
Benefits to keep in mind:
1: Dīn will always come first
Notice the arrangement of the Du’ā of Mūsā’s followers. They first requested the protection of the Dīn; “Do not make us a fitnah for the wrongdoing people”, then came second in line the Du’ā for the protection of their worldly matters; “And save us by Your mercy from the disbelieving people.”
If your religious matters are in place, then every other matter comes second place and every other loss is bearable. This is why the Prophet (sallAllāhu ʿalayhi wasallam) would say in his Du’ā:
وَلَا تَجْعَلْ مُصِيبَتَنَا فِي دِينِنَا
“…and do not make our calamity in our religion.”
At-Tirmidhi, on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar
Beware of allowing society, culture, social media, friends, or their like, to ever change that arrangement.
2: Beg Allāh to keep you safe from fitnah
The followers of Mūsā (ʿalayhi al-Salām) sought refuge in Allāh from being a means of fitnah to others and from being the subjects of fitnah themselves. At a time when the pull to sins is more intense than ever before and accessibility is unrestricted, there can be no safety save for those who have been chosen by Allāh. This is the time, therefore, to memorise this Du’ā and implore Allāh with it from the bottom of our hearts.
The Prophet (sallAllāhu ʿalayhi wasallam) said:
تعوَّذوا باللهِ من الفتنِ ، ما ظهر منها وما بطن
“Seek refuge in Allāh from fitnah, the outward and the inward.”
Muslim, on the authority of Zaid b. Thābit
The inward fitnah includes rejection of faith, envy, showing off, self-admiration, confusion, loss of interest in Islām, and their like. As for the outward fitnah, this includes the fitnah of the opposite gender, trials that come with children, fame, wealth, and so on.
We ask You, O Allāh, to safeguard us and our children from fitnah, the outward and the inward.
Full article on http://www.islam21c.com