Hadeeth: “I Shall teach you some words”

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

On the authority of `Abdullaah bin `Abbaas رضي الله عنهما who said: One day I was (riding) behind the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم (on the same mount) and he صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice]: Be mindful of Allaah and Allaah will protect you. Be mindful of Allaah and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, then ask Allaah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allaah [alone]. And know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with what Allaah had already prescribed for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would not harm you except with what Allaah had already prescribed against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” [Sunan al-Tirmidhee (2516) and graded as “Saheeh” by Shaikh al-Albaanee]

In another narration, other than that of al-Tirmidhee, reads: “Be mindful of Allaah, and you will find Him in front of you. Recognize and acknowledge Allaah in times of ease and prosperity, and He will remember you in times of adversity. And know that what has passed you by [and you have failed to attain] was not going to befall you, and what has befallen you was not going to pass you by. And know that victory comes with patience, relief with affliction, and hardship with ease.” [Mustadrak of al-Haakim (6304)]

Some benefits from this Hadeeth:

1) The kindness the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم showed to those who were younger than him when he said: “O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice].”

2) The one who has something important to say, should begin in such a way to attract the attention of the listener, as the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم did when he said: “O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice].”

3) Whoever is mindful of Allaah, Allaah تعالى will protect him, as the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Be mindful of Allaah and Allaah will protect you.”

4) From forgetting about Allaah is: forgetting and giving up on Allaah’s Deen. So Allaah will let him go to ruin and will not protect him. Allaah تعالى said:

﴿وَلا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ نَسُوا اللَّهَ فَأَنْسَاهُمْ أَنْفُسَهُمْ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ﴾

{And be not like those who forgot Allaah (i.e. became disobedient to Allaah) and He caused them to forget their ownselves, (let them to forget to do righteous deeds). Those are the Faasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allaah). } [Surah al-Hashr (59): 19]

5) Part of Allaah’s عز وجل protection (for His creation) is that He تعالى guides them and leads them towards that which is beneficial for them. And from Allaah’s عز وجل protection is that He prevents them from committing evil deeds.

6) If a person is need of help, he should seek Allaah’s help. But there is no problem in seeking help from someone in the things which he can help in, as the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “and to help a man concerning his riding animal by helping him to ride it or by lifting his luggage on to it, is also regarded as Sadaqah.” [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (2891, 2989) and Saheeh Muslim (2204)]

7) The Ummah will never be able to benefit anyone except if Allaah تعالى has already preordained it (to happen), and they will never be able to harm anyone except if Allaah تعالى has already preordained it (to happen).

8) It is incumbent that a person’s hope should be upon Allaah عز وجل alone and his hope should not depend upon the creation, as the creation has no power to harm or benefit.

9) And all the affairs have already been written down, as has been authentically reported from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم: “Allaah ordained the measures of the creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.” [Saheeh Muslim (6416)]

10) As per the second narration, if a person remembers Allaah عز وجل (and is obedient to Him) during the times of good health and ease, Allaah عز وجل will remember him during his hardship, will be compassionate towards him, will help him and will remove his difficulty.

11) A person should (always remember) that if Allaah تعالى has preordained that something should happen to him, then there is nothing to prevent it. Similarly, if Allaah تعالى did not preordain it, then it will never befall him.

12) In this there is great glad tiding for those who are patient and steadfast and that victory is the product of Sabr.

13) In this there is also great tiding that easing of distress and the removal of hardship is tied with hardship; that whenever a person faces some trouble, Allaah تعالى will relieve him from it.

14) In this there is also glad tiding that whenever a person faces some hardship, he should wait for the ease from Allaah. As Allaah تعالى has mentioned it in the Qur’aan:

﴿فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْراً * إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْراً﴾

{So truly with hardship comes ease, truly with hardship comes ease.} [Surah al-Sharh (94): 5-6]

So if things become difficult for you, then you should turn towards Allaah تعالى, waiting for ease from Him – a promise from Him that will never fail.

15) Being relaxed when some harm befalls a person and when something he liked did not reach him is one of the meanings when he صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “And know that what has passed you by [and you have failed to attain] was not going to befall you, and what has befallen you was not going to pass you by.” The first statement is about being relaxed when some hardship befalls a person; and the second statement is about being relaxed when a person does not receive the thing which is liked.

And Allaah is the One who grants success.

[Sharh al-Arba`een al-Nawawee by Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله]